Abraham is relaxing on a hot day, when God comes by with 2 others (angels?). Abraham stops them and offers rest, food, water, and to wash their feet, not yet recognizing who these three men are. Everything is prepped and Abraham waits on the trio. They ask about Sarah, and say that in a year, one of them will return, and she will have a son. Sarah laughs and questions this, as both she and Abraham are well old, but God asks her if there is really anything too amazing for him to do. The three men then set off for Sodom, which God says he is about to destroy.
A friend recently posted a link on facebook titled Answering the Atheists. The article is several years old now (2007), however I figured I would have a go at discussing the arguments presented in the article. In the article the author, Stan Guthrie, presents 10 short arguments as to why he is a Christian: Continue reading
God asks Abram to take a walk with him, so that God may establish his covenant, and keep his promise to Abram about giving his descendants a nation. First, Abram will now be called Abraham. Abraham, however, must uphold his end of the bargain, which God tells him now. Abraham must circumcise himself and all of the males in his group, and all of his descendants must be circumcised as well. This includes all of the slaves. Any new male child born shall be circumcised on their 8th day of life.
If a male is uncircumcised, that is, if the flesh of his foreskin has not been cut away, such a one will be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant. (Genesis 17:14)
Abram and Sarai still had no children, but in the last chapter God promised Abram that he would have many descendants. Sarai decides it is her fault, so she tells Abram that he has her permission to marry and have children with Hagar, Sarai’s maidservant. Hagar quickly became pregnant, and started to look down on Sarai. Sarai become very unhappy with the situation, and brings it up with Abram, who tells her to do what she sees fit. So Sarai abuses Hagar until Hagar runs away. Luckily, an angel finds and stops Hagar.
God comes to Abram in a vision, promising great reward. I think this is the reward for rescuing Lot and the others from Sodom from the armies he defeated, but the text is not specific. God promises Abram that he will give him as many descendants as there are stars in the sky. God then promises to give Abram the land that he brought Abram to. However, there is a caveat.
Chapter 14 starts out reading like a chronicle of military dealings of various factions, revolving around one king, Chedorloamer. The tl/dr version is that in the end, Sodom is sacked, and Lot is taken captive. Abram is informed of this and musters a small army to rescue Lot.
Abram returns from Egypt to the spot where he built his first alter after God told him to move. It is also said that he is very rich in livestock, silver, and gold, most of which I’m going to assume he conned from Pharaoh. Lot was again traveling with Abram, and together they had too much stuff and livestock, and the land they would camp on could not support both herds. Abram decided they should go their separate ways, telling Lot he will go opposite of whichever direction Lot chooses. Lot looked east, saw the Jordan plain was very nice, and went that way, settling near Sodom. Before Abram could gaze west, God told him to look everywhere, all around, and that God will give that to him and his descendants, which will be as numerous as the dust on the earth.